Objective : The purpose of this study is exploring value of Shanghanlun six diagnostic system as Narrative Medicine by analyzing cases.
Methods : In the article, we examined the theory of narrative medicine and current studies. And then key elements of narrative medicine was defined. On the basis of these, two medical cases were analyzed by reordering in accordance with time sequences and causality for confirming narrative factors.
Results : The narrative approach to analyzing cases shows us that different diseases could be the result of same pathological patterns based on Shanghanlun. This tells us following four aspects.  Shanghanlun is the causes-oriented records and the text includes narrative factors.  Shanghanlun six diagnostic system is a process of constructing plot of medical case history through the clinical interpretation of contextual meaning of patient's life.  In the process of diagnosis, Schemata and script are engaged in assuming and confirming six patterns diseases.  The subjective factors of an individual can be applied universally through the provision of Shanghanlun.
Conclusions : Narrative factors of Shanghanlun six diagnostic system suggest the possibility and value of Shanghan Medicine as Narrative Medicine in terms of Medical Humanities, essence of medical diagnosis and therapeutic action.
KeyWords : Shanghanlun, Shanghan Medicine, Diagnostic system, Narrative Medicine, Medical case history, Schemata, Illness Script.